In his last months, Sen. John McCain discussed his eulogy with his daughter and gave her strict instructions: "Show them how tough you are."
Plus: Full text of Meghan's speech.
WASHINGTON - John McCain's grieving daughter transformed a tribute to her demanding father into a thunderclap denunciation of his political rival, President Donald Trump.
"The America of John McCain has no need to be made great again, because America was always great," Meghan McCain told about 3,000 mourners at Washington National Cathedral on Saturday morning, a raw mocking of Trump's slogan that elicited an unusual burst of applause.
It was a defining moment over four days of public events to honor the senior senator from Arizona, Vietnam War hero and 2008 Republican presidential nominee, who for three years stood as Trump's fiercest antagonist.
Former presidents Barack Obama and George W. Bush - the men who crushed McCain's presidential ambitions - echoed Meghan McCain's sentiments but in a more political form at the memorial service. They praised a free press and ideals that go beyond borders, implicit shots at Trump's assertion that the news media is the "enemy of the people" and his insistence on a U.S.-Mexico border wall.
But the senator's daughter went straight for the jugular, making clear that her family's political feud with Trump didn't end when John McCain lost his 13-month battle with brain cancer on Aug. 25.
"We mourn the passing of American greatness, the real thing," said Meghan McCain, 33. "Not the cheap rhetoric from men who will never come near the sacrifice he gave so willingly, nor the opportunistic appropriation of those who lived lives of comfort and privilege."
In the audience, Ivanka Trump and Jared Kushner showed no reaction. That the president's daughter and son-in-law attended spoke to the high reverence of the moment. It also made clear that the McCain fight is with the president alone.
The McCain family did not invite Trump to any of the celebrations of the late senator's life, from events in Phoenix on Wednesday and Thursday, to Friday's ceremony before McCain's casket was viewed at the Capitol, and culminating with Trump's absence Saturday at the Cathedral.
Instead, on a drizzling morning, Trump spent his time at the White House, tweeting angrily about Canada's trade policy and the deepening criminal investigation into Russian interference in the 2016 presidential race. He then went to his golf course in Virginia.
Just a few miles away, mourners convened in the type of massive bipartisan gathering of American leadership and foreign dignitaries that is usually reserved for inaugurations or the death of a president.
During the 2.5-hour service, most critiques of Trump came in that longtime Washington tradition of slamming someone while not saying his name and maintaining plausible deniability after the fact.
"His death seems to have reminded the American people that these values are what make us a great nation, not the tribal partisanship and personal attack politics that have recently characterized our life," said Joseph Lieberman, the 2000 Democratic vice presidential nominee who became one of McCain's closest friends.
In his last months, McCain discussed the eulogy with his daughter and gave her strict instructions: "Show them how tough you are."
On Saturday, Meghan McCain did that, not by mincing words or being subtly diplomatic. There was no question that she directed her words at Trump and his talk of a border wall shutting out immigrants, then boasting about it on Twitter.
"The America of John McCain is generous and welcoming and bold. She's resourceful, confident, secure," the daughter said. "She meets her responsibilities. She speaks quietly because she's strong."
The co-host of ABC's "The View" shared several stories of her childhood, the tough father crooning "Singin' in the Rain" as raindrops fell at their home and demanding that she get back to horseback riding after a fall that broke her collarbone.
"Nothing is going to break you," he told his daughter.
She struggled at times to maintain her composure, fighting through tears.
"Dad, I love you, I always have. All that I am, all that I hope, all that I dream is grounded in what you taught me. You loved me and you showed me what love must be," she said.
Meghan McCain is the only McCain child who is outspoken about her political views, embracing socially liberal positions on issues such as same-sex marriage while embracing her father's national security policies.
But the late senator's daughter had plenty of backing in her family. When she denounced Trump's "Make America Great Again" slogan, her mother, Cindy, and brother Jimmy were among those applauding. As she finished speaking and returned to the family pew, her mother rose and embraced her.
Afterward, Lieberman said he was proud of her for being so blunt. "It was a great tribute to John. I hope somebody's listening in the White House. You can always be greater, but this country is great," he said in an interview.
"Her words were heartfelt. She was speaking truth as she saw it," Sen. Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., a close McCain ally who also has a productive relationship with Trump, said afterward.
Saturday's breathtaking event brought together dozens of Democratic and Republican stalwarts of the past 50 years. Across from McCain's widow sat an amazing tableau of American politics: Obama and wife Michelle; Bush and wife Laura; former president Bill Clinton and former secretary of state Hillary Clinton; former vice president Richard B. Cheney and wife Lynne; and former vice president Al Gore.
The only living presidents not in attendance were George H.W. Bush, 94, and Jimmy Carter, 93. And Trump.
Yet most leading members of Trump's administration were on hand. White House Chief of Staff John Kelly and Defense Secretary Jim Mattis escorted Cindy McCain at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial beforehand as she placed a wreath near the Wall etched with the names of those who died in the war. Kelly and Mattis then took prominent seats inside the cathedral.
Henry Kissinger, Richard M. Nixon's secretary of state during Vietnam, honored McCain.
"Our country has had the good fortune that at times of national trial a few great personalities have emerged to remind us of our essential unity and inspire us to fulfill our sustaining values," he said. "John McCain was one of those gifts of destiny."
"The world will be lonelier without John McCain."
Outside the cathedral, onlookers spoke of what McCain represented. Sisters Erin and Katie Taylor stood on the sidewalk and waved miniature American flags.
"We're both Democrats," Katie Taylor, 35, said with a laugh.
"But this just seemed like the right thing to do," Erin Taylor, 36, said.
The sisters said that more than anything they admired McCain's bipartisan work ethic.
"He has represented a constant in the Senate," she said. "A levelheadedness through ups and downs on both sides of the aisle."
Inside the cathedral, at the end of the service, opera star Renée Fleming sang the haunting ballad "Danny Boy," and Cindy McCain covered her mouth with her hand and rested her head on the shoulder of son Jack. She bit her bottom lip and tears stained her cheeks. When the song ended, McCain bowed her head and wiped away the tears.
THE TEXT OF THE SPEECH
Text of Meghan McCain's eulogy Saturday at Washington National Cathedral for her father, Sen. John McCain, as released by his office:
"The world is a fine place and worth the fighting for, and I hate very much to leave it." When Ernest Hemingway's Robert Jordan, at the close "For Whom the Bell Tolls" lies wounded, waiting for his last fight, these are among his final thoughts. My father had every reason to think the world was an awful place. My father had every reason to think the world was not worth fighting for. My father had every reason to think the world was worth leaving. He did not think any of those things. Like the hero of his favorite book, John McCain took the opposite view: You had to have a lot of luck to have had such a good life.
I am here before you today saying the words I have never wanted to say giving the speech I have never wanted to give. Feeling the loss I have never wanted to feel. My father is gone. John Sidney McCain III was many things. He was a sailor, he was an aviator, he was a husband, he was a warrior, he was a prisoner, he was a hero, he was a congressman, he was a senator, he was nominee for President of the United States. These are all of the titles and roles of a life that's been well-lived. They're not the greatest of his titles nor the most important of his roles.
He was a great man. We gather to mourn the passing of American greatness, the real thing, not cheap rhetoric from men who will never come near the sacrifice, those that live lives of comfort and privilege while he suffered and served.
He was a great fire who burned bright. In the past few days, my family and I have heard from so many of those Americans who stood in the warmth and light of his fire and found it illuminated what's best about them. We are grateful to them because they're grateful to him. A few have resented that fire for the light it cast upon them for the truth it revealed about their character, but my father never cared what they thought and even that small number still have the opportunity as long as they draw breath to live up to the example of John McCain.
My father was a great man. He was a great warrior. He was a great American. I admired him for all of these things. But I love him because he was a great father. My father knew what it was like to grow up in the shadow of greatness, he did just as his father had done before him. He was the son of a great admiral who was also the son of a great admiral. When it came time for the third John Sidney McCain to be a man, he had no choice but to walk in the same path. He had to become a sailor. He had to go to war. He had to have his shot at becoming a great admiral as they also had done. The past of his father and grandfather led my father to the Hanoi Hilton. This is where all of the biography, campaign literature say he showed his character, his patriotism, his faith, his endurance in the worst of possible circumstances. This is where we learned who John McCain truly was. And all is very true except for the last part.
Today I want to share with you where I found out who John McCain truly was and wasn't in the Hilton. It wasn't in the cockpit of a fast and lethal fighter jet or on the campaign trail. John McCain was in all those places, but the best of him was somewhere else, the best of John McCain, the greatest of his titles and the most important of his roles was as a father.
Imagine the warrior the night of the skies gently carrying his little girl to bed. Imagine the dashing aviator who took his aircraft, hurdling off pitching decks in the South China Seas, kissing the hurt when I fell and skinned my knee. Imagine the distinguished statesman who counseled presidents singing with his girl in Oak Creek during a rainstorm to singing in the rain. Imagine the senator, fierce conscience of the nation's best self, taking his 14-year-old daughter out of school because he believed I would learn more about America at the town halls he held across the country. Imagine the loyal veteran with his eyes shining with happiness as he gave blessing for his grown daughter's marriage.
You all have to imagine that. I don't have to because I lived it all. I know who he was. I know what defined him. I got to see it every single day of my blessed life.
John McCain was not defined by prison, by the navy, by the Senate, by the Republican Party or by any single one of the deeds in his absolutely extraordinary life. John McCain was defined by love.
Several of you in the pews that crossed swords with him or found yourselves on the receiving end of his famous temper or were at a cross purpose to him on anything, are doing your best to stay stone faced. Don't. You know full well if John McCain were in your shoes today, he would be using some salty word while my mother jabbed him in the arm in embarrassment. He would look back at her and grumble, maybe stop talking, but he would keep grinning. She was the only one who could do that.
On their first date when he still did not know what sort of woman she was, he recited a poem called "The Cremation of Sam McGee" about an Alaskan prospector who welcomed his cremation as the only way to get warm in the icy north. "Strange things done in the midnight sun. The arctic trails have secret tales that would make your blood run cold." He learned it in Hanoi. A prisoner rapped it out in code over and over during years of captivity. My father knew if she would sit through that, appreciate the dark humor that had seen him through so many years of imprisonment, she might sit through a lifetime with him as well, and she did.
John McCain was defined by love. This love of my father for my mother was the most fierce and lasting of them all, mom. Let me tell you what love meant to John McCain and to me.
As much as he comforts, he was endlessly present for us, and though we did not always understand it, he was always teaching. He didn't expect us to be like him. His worldly achievement was to be better than him. Armed with his wisdom, informed by his experiences, long before we were old enough to assemble our own. As a girl I didn't appreciate what I most fully appreciate now; how he suffered and how he bore it with a stoic silence that was once the mark of an American man. I came to appreciate it first when he demanded it of me. I was a small girl, thrown from a horse and crying from a busted collarbone. My dad picked me up. He took me to the doctor, he got me all fixed up. Then he immediately took me back home and made me get back on the same horse. I was furious at him as a child, but how I love him for it now.
My father knew pain and suffering with an intimacy and immediacy most of us are blessed never to have endured. He was shot down, he was crippled, he was beaten, starved, tortured and humiliated. That pain never left him. The cruelty of his communist captors ensured he would never raise his arms above his head for the rest of his life, yet he survived, yet he endured. Yet he triumphed. And there was this man who had been through all that with a little girl that didn't want to get back on her horse.
He could have sat me down and told me that and made me feel small because my complaint and fear was nothing next to his pain and memory. Instead, he made me feel loved, said in his quiet voice that spoke with authority and meant you had best obey. "Get back on the horse." I did. And because I was a little girl, I resented it. Now that I am a woman, I look back across that time and see the expression on his face when I climbed back up and rode again, and see the pride and love in his eyes as he said, "Nothing is going to break you."
For the rest of my life, whenever I fall down, I get back up. Whenever I am hurt, I drive on. Whenever I am brought low, I rise. That is not because I am virtuous, strong, resilient. It is simply because my father, John McCain, was.
When my father got sick, when I asked him what he wanted me to do with this eulogy, he said, "Show them how tough you are." That is what love meant to John McCain.
Love for my father also meant caring for the nation entrusted to him. My father, the true son of his father and grandfather, was born into the character of American greatness, was convinced of the need to defend it with ferocity and faith. John McCain was born in a distant now vanquished outpost of American power, and he understood America as a sacred trust. He understood our republic demands responsibilities, even before it defends its rights. He knew navigating the line between good and evil was often difficult but always simple. He grasped that our purpose and meaning was rooted in a missionary responsibility, stretching back centuries.
Just as the first Americans looked upon a new world full of potential for a grand experiment in freedom and self-confidence, so their descendants have a responsibility to defend the old world from its worst self. The America of John McCain is the America of the revolution. Fighters with no stomach for the summer soldier and sunshine patriot, making the world anew with bells of America of John McCain is the America of Abraham Lincoln. Fulfilling the promise of the Declaration of Independence that all men are created equal, and suffering greatly to see it through. The America of John McCain is the America of the boys who rushed the colors in every war across three centuries, knowing in them is the life of the republic, and particularly those by their daring, as Ronald Reagan said, gave up their chance as being husbands and fathers and grandfathers and gave up their chance to be revered old men. The America of John McCain is, yes, the America of Vietnam, fighting the fight, even in the most grim circumstances, even in the most distant, hostile corner of the world, standing for the life and liberty of other peoples in other lands.
The America of John McCain is generous and welcoming and bold. She's resourceful, confident, secure. She meets her responsibilities. She speaks quietly because she's strong. America does not boast because she has no need to. The America of John McCain has no need to be made great again because America was always great. That fervent faith, that proven devotion, that abiding love, that is what drove my father from the fiery skies above the Red River delta to the brink of the presidency itself.
Love defined my father. As a young man he wondered if he would measure up to his distinguished lineage. I miss him so badly. I want to tell him that take small comfort in this. Somewhere in the great beyond where the warriors go, there are two admirals of the United States meeting their much-loved son, telling him he is the greatest among them.
Dad, I love you, I always have. All that I am, all that I hope, all that I dream is grounded in what you taught me. You loved me and you showed me what love must be. An ancient Greek historian wrote, "The image of great men is woven into the stuff of other men's lives." Dad, your greatness is woven into my life, it is woven into my mother's life, into my sister's life, and it is woven into my brothers' lives. It is woven into the life and liberty of the country you sacrificed so much to defend.
Dad, I know you were not perfect. We live in an era where we knock down old American heroes for all their imperfections when no leader wants to admit to fault or failure. You were an exception and gave us an ideal to strive for.
Look, I know you can see this gathering in this cathedral. The nation is here to remember you. Like so many other heroes, you leave us draped in the flag you loved. You defended it, you sacrificed it, you always honored it. It is good to remember we are Americans. We don't put our heroes on pedestals just to remember them. We raise them up because we want to emulate their virtues. This is how we honor them, this is how we will honor you.
My father gone. My father is gone and my sorrow is immense, but I know his life, and I know it was great because it was good. And as much as I hate to see him go, I do know how it ended. I know that on the afternoon of August 25th in front of Oak Creek in Arizona, surrounded by the family he loved so much, an old man shook off the scars of battle one last time and arose a new man to pilot one last flight up and up and up, busting clouds left and right, straight on through to the kingdom of heaven. And he slipped the earthly bonds, put out his hand, and touched the face of god.
I love you, Dad."