Unusual amounts of major news events have occurred on this date
Halley’s comet, the five day work week, the eight hour day, the Boston Marathon and American Freedom and the American automobile are all the results of an April 19 at one point in history.
However, so are the end of the standoff between the FBI and Branch Davidians, the Oklahoma City bombing, the 1906 San Francisco earthquake, the 1904 Toronto Fire, Soviet Nuclear testing and the beginning of the end for the Beatles.
April 19 is an unusual day in history because it seems to have a higher than normal rate of major historical worldwide news events than any other day of the year, both good and catastrophic. Here are just some of the events that have occurred on April 19 throughout history.
All years A.D.:
607: Halley’s Comet approaches within 0.0898 Astronomical Units of Earth. 1775: The American Revolution begins. Paul Revere, William Dawes and Samuel Prescott are captured by British troops riding from Lexington to Concord.
1861: The Baltimore riots where four soldiers, nine civilians killed. Lincoln orders blockade of Confederate ports.
1874: Alcatraz Island Barracks destroyed by fire.
1892: Charles Duryea test drives the first American-made automotive vehicle.
1897: First Boston Marathon.
1904: Much of Toronto destroyed by fire.
1906: San Francisco earthquake kills 452.
1910: Halley's comet seen without telescope.
1919: French assembly establishes an eight-hour work day.
1932: President Herbert Hoover suggests five-day work week for American workers.
1933: Franklin D. Roosevelt announced the United States would leave gold standard.
1936: Anti-Jewish riots break out on the first day of the Great Uprising in Palestine.
1947: A French ship explodes and kills over 500 in Texas City harbor.
1948: American Broadcasting Company (ABC) TV network debuts.
1965: First broadcast of all news radio station, WINS 1010 AM in New York City.
1967: Beatles signed a 10-year contract. They didn’t stay together.
1971: Charles Manson gets sentenced to life in prison for killing Sharon Tate. United Soviet Socialist Republic Salyut 1 launched; 1st manned lab in orbit.
1972: United States performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site.
1973: United Soviet Socialist Republic performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk. George Steinbrenner becomes Yankees President.
1975: India launches first satellite with help of the Soviets.
1982: Sally Ride is named the first American woman astronaut, Soviet Salyut 7 space station put into orbit.
1987: Soviets execute underground nuclear test, last wild condor captured in California.
1989: U.S.S. Iowa Gun turret explodes, killing 47 sailors.
1993: A 51-day standoff between the Branch Davidians lead by David Koresh and the Federal Bureau of Investigations ends with a fire that kills 76 members of the religious group near Waco, Tex. A fire in psychiatric hospital in South Korea kills 40 people. South Dakota Gov. George Mickelson and seven more killed when an aircraft crashed landed in Iowa.
1994: Los Angeles Police Department violence victim Rodney King granted $3.8 million in compensation.
1995: Herington resident Timothy McVeigh and Terry Nichols ignited a Ryder Truck with a fuel and fertilizer bomb in the cargo area killing 168 and injuring about 500 people at the Alfred P. Murrah in Oklahoma City. McVeigh and Nichols drove the moving van bomb from Geary County State Fishing Lake down U.S. Highway 77 through El Dorado to State Highway 166 near the Oklahoma and Kansas state line to Interstate 35.
2005: Pope Benedict XVI elected by Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger on the second day of the Papal conclave.
2011: After 45 years, Fidel Castro resigns from the Communist Party of Cuba's central committee.
2013: Boston Marathon bombing suspects caught after four day man hunt.